Soft spoken and unassuming, he did not draw attention to it until it happened again. And again. A professional French horn player, Chris found that the hemifacial spasms began causing inconvenient and sometimes awkward episodes in his day-to-day life.
Hemifacial spasm HFS is a neurological disorder manifested by twitching on one side of the face due to involuntary contractions of the eyelid and other facial muscles. It usually begins gradually around one eye and may eventually spread the muscles around the mouth and neck on the same side. These muscle spasms are very brief but occur rapidly and repetitively.
This nerve moves the facial muscles, stimulates the salivary and tear glands, enables the front two thirds of the tongue to detect tastes, and controls a muscle involved in hearing. Doctors diagnose hemifacial spasm based on symptoms but do magnetic resonance imaging to check for other disorders that can cause similar symptoms. Hemifacial spasm is treated with botulinum toxin or another drug, but if drugs are ineffective, surgery may be necessary.
There are many problems that may happen after a stroke. Most are common and will improve with time and rehabilitation. Common problems when a stroke happens on the right side of the brain versus the left side of the brain:.
Muscles have a certain amount of tone, or activity. The tone of muscles is controlled by signals from the brain. If the part of your brain that sends these control signals is damaged by a stroke, then the muscle may become too active.
Patients with functional neurological symptoms can have symptoms affecting the face. These are much more common than was thought even 10 or 15 years ago although in fact they have been recognised for over a century. The commonest type of functional facial symptom is spasm of the muscles around one eye or in the lower half of the face.
When Michael Watkins came to see neurosurgeon, Garni Barkhoudarian, MD, inhe had been experiencing facial spasms for over two years. InMichael Watkins began noticing unusual spasms and twitching on the left side of his face. Initially the spasms improved spontaneously, only to recur one year later, and this time much more noticeably.
Hemifacial spasm is a nervous system disorder in which the muscles on one side of your face twitch involuntarily. Hemifacial spasm is most often caused by a blood vessel touching a facial nerve, but it may be caused by a facial nerve injury or a tumor, or it may not have a cause. Hemifacial spasm is most often caused by a blood vessel touching a facial nerve.
The National Institute of Neurological Disorders and Stroke NINDS conducts and supports research related to hemifacial spasm through grants to major research institutions across the country. Much of this research focuses on better ways to prevent, treat, and ultimately cure neurological disorders, such as hemifacial spasm. Hemifacial spasm is a neuromuscular disorder characterized by frequent involuntary contractions spasms of the muscles on one side hemi- of the face facial.